Grace Hopper - The Mother of the Computer
Grace worked on the first commercial computer. As Director of Automatic Programming, she published the first paper on compilers in 1952 and published over 50 papers on software and programming languages thereafter.
Grace created her first compiler with the Sperry corporation in 1952 and became the forerunner to modern programming languages. She pioneered the integration of English into programs.
Throughout Grace Hopper's life she achieved many awards for which other women had never been recognized, including the Naval Ordinance award, the Society of Women Engineers, SWE Achievement Award, and the Computer Sciences "Man of The Year Award", which many people believe to be her greatest achievement. Grace was the first woman to be inducted into the Distinguished Fellow British Computer Society in 1973.